Book Chapters

Mullan, Brendan and Doña-Reveco, Cristián. 2012. “Emigration and the Sending State,” pp. 409-421. In The International Handbook of Migration Studies, edited by Stephen Gold and Stephanie Nawyn. Routledge.

Excerpt of introduction: It is by now a truism that international migration is a process, not an event. As evidenced by the contributions to this handbook, the cultural, demographic, economic, political, and social causes, content, and consequences of international migration as a process are well documented. However, there remain lacunae and among all the processes embedded within international migration, the complexities of the reciprocal relationship between the sending state and its emigrants has recently begun to receive the detailed attention and critical analysis that it deserves. Following a historical overview, which includes a discussion of the different forms and structures that states have used to maintain or reinforce the relationship with their diasporas and a brief examination of emigration as a human right, we discuss the relationship between sending states’ and economic development with a particular focus on the function and impact of migrant remittances, both economic and social, and of alternative mechanisms of capital flows. Further, we analyze the implications, opportunities, and challenges for the sending state of brain drain, its corollary brain gain, and their change to brain circulation and we assess the reciprocal political relationship between emigrants (exiles and expatriates) and their state of origin. We conclude with some assessment of how states, emigration, and concepts of citizenship are interlinked and we offer some suggestions for future research on the relationship between the state and its emigrants. PDF version here

Doña-Reveco, Cristián. 2011. “Chilean Immigrants,” pp. 149-203. In Multicultural America: An Encyclopedia of the Newest Americans, edited by Ronald H. Bayor. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press.

Introduction:Chilean migration to the United States has its historical origins in the population exchanges of the 19th century and the Gold Rush in California. Post 1960s migration has developed in relation to socioeconomic and political changes in Chile influenced in a varying degree by the United States. Although the United States is the second largest receiving country of Chilean immigrants; this group represents less than 1% of all the immigrants in the U.S. Most migrants are located in the traditional receiving states of Latin American migrants; Texas, California, Florida, and New York-New Jersey. In many cities these immigrants have created organized communities that help in the integration of newcomers and that provide social services in Chile. This immigration has comparatively a higher educational level and income than other migrations from Latin America. The small number of Chileans, however, makes it a less interesting group to be researched; thus there is little information about return patterns, civic participation, and integration to host societies.  PDF version here

Doña-Reveco, Cristián. 2003. “Transnacionalismo y Migración Internacional.” Memoria Electrónica, 1er Coloquio Internacional de Migración y Desarrollo, October 2003, Zacatecas, México. Available online here. PDF Available here.

Abstract: Los cambios en las Relaciones Internacionales acaecidos desde el fin de la Guerra Fría comenzaron a incluir nuevos temas en la discusión de esta disciplina. Dentro de estos, la migración internacional ha comenzado a ocupar un lugar muy relevante. Sin embargo, este tema no es posible de analizar desde las mismas fundaciones teóricas que ha tenido históricamente, sino que los mismos cambios han modificado la perspectiva desde la cual se mira la movilidad poblacional. Es así que se pretende analizar la forma en que el transnacionalismo se convierte en un nuevo actor internacional, a partir del proceso de globalización y la nueva dinámica de intercambios que se ha ido generando. De igual manera se analiza si las visiones de transnacionalismo que provienen desde las Relaciones Internacionales y desde los estudios migratorios se relacionan. Se concluye que el transnacionalismo migratorio, al generar espacios sociales transnacionales, se convierte en un actor supra – estatal, ya que utiliza instrumentos para su perpetuación que no están relacionados con el Estado – Nación.